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International Society for Horticultural Science

Horticulture Research International

Algeria

Climate
The prevailing wind is from north to north east in the north of the country but not in the Sahara dessert. The yearly average temperature is 14 °C (in the north) and 24 °C (in the Sahara). The yearly average precipitation ranges from 400 to 700 mm (in the north) and is less than 150 mm in the Sahara. The yearly average days with rain is less than 100 days (in the north) and less than 30 days in the Sahara. Algeria thus has a semi arid climate in the north which is well suited to horticulture for the most of the year (especially in winter and spring); and has an arid climate in the Sahara.

Geography
Algerian geography is various with from north to south: coastal plains, the Tellien atlas, steppes and the Sahara dessert. The Sahara makes 80% of the total area.

Horticulture
All aspects of horticulture can be found in Algeria; arboriculture, vegetable production (mainly in the open), cereals (in the Tellien atlas) and dates (in the Sahara).

Distribution of Horticulture
Vegetable production and horticulture are concentrated in the north of Algeria, cereals in the Tellien atlas and dates (and some vegetable crops as tomato) in the Sahara.

Research Thrusts
The two major research thrusts are: the Ministry of Education and Science (universities and research centres), and the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (INRA and other research institutes).

Nature of Institutes
1. Departments of the state biological and agricultural universities under the Ministry of Education and Science;
2. Research institutes and stations under the Ministry of Agriculture.

Organisations / Institutes:
University of Mostaganem


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