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International Society for Horticultural Science

Horticulture Research International

Austria

General info
For questions and/or remarks regarding the content of these pages, feel free to contact the respective ISHS Council representatives who not only represent their country on ISHS Council but who are also invited to maintain the information included in the ISHS HRI Directory pages. For details on how to update your own details we refer to the FAQ pages on this site.

Climate
Austria is part of a temperate zone, between maritime and continental climate. The average temperature in winter (January) is -2 °C, in summer (July) +18 °C. The average precipitation per year in the zones with horticultural crops is up to 1200 mm. The prevailing winds are blowing from west to east.

Geography
The horticulturally suited areas are mainly in the eastern part of the country on circa 400 m over sea level (in the lowland). The alpine region, in the western part of the country, has mountains up to 4000 m over sea level.

Horticulture
The importance of horticulture in Austria is relatively low, being carried out on only 0.6% of the total area used for horticulture. Around 2000 companies occupy this portion. The economic productivity, however, is essentially higher than of any other agricultural branch. Protected cultivation is growing. More than half of the horticultural companies produce flowers and ornamental plants, while one third grows vegetables.

Centers of horticulture are the capital Vienna with surroundings, housing half of the companies, and Graz with surroundings. While Austria has a large tourist industry, flower shows take place in many villages.

Distribution of Horticulture
Centers of horticulture are the capital Vienna with surroundings, housing half of the companies, and Graz with surroundings. While Austria has a large tourist industry, flower shows take place in many villages.

Research Thrusts
Research and experimental activities in the field of horticulture, fruit growing and viticulture in Austria are primarily performed by the research institutes of the Confederacy and the Federal States. Besides, research is carried out by the Chambers of Agriculture, the Universities, and some private enterprises.

Nature of Institutes
The main research institutes concerned are the Federal Research Institute for Horticulture and Landscaping in Vienna-Schönbrunn, the University of Soil Science in Vienna with the Institute for Horticulture, the Federal Research Institute for Viticulture and Fruit Growing in Klosterneuburg and the State Experimental Station for Specialized Cultures in Wies-Burgstall (Styria). The Agricultural Chambers of the States are quite important in Austria. Among their functions are international contacts and organizing excursions, as well as carrying out research.

Organisations / Institutes:
Karl Franzens University
Agricultural Chamber for Styria
Agricultural Chemical Research Centre of Styria
Research Station for Fruit Growing, Graz
Research Station for Specialized Cultures of the State Styria
University of Innsbruck
Agricultural Chamber of Tirol
University of Salzburg
Agricultural Chamber of the State Salzburg
University of Agricultural Sciences, Vienna
Horticultural College and Research Institutes, Vienna
Technical University of Vienna
University of Vienna
Veterinary University Vienna
National Research Centre of Agronomy (BFL), Vienna
Agricultural Chamber of Vienna
Agricultural Chamber of the State of Lower Austria
Union of Austrian Young Gardener
Wholesale Flower Market, Vienna
Horticultural Guild of Austria
Austrian Association of Professional Horticulturists
Agricultural Cooperative for Vegetables, Vienna
Austrian Horticultural Society
Austrian Horticultural Museum, Vienna
Vienna Natural-history Museum
Agricultural Chamber of Carinthia
Municipal Garden and Park Office, Linz
Agricultural Chamber of Burgenland
IAEA / FAO


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