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International Society for Horticultural Science

Horticulture Research International

Bosnia and Herzegovina

General info
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Climate
The main part of the country has a moderate continental climate with moderately warm summers and moderately cold and snowy winters. In this area, the average year temperature is between 7 and 11 °C, and the average temperature in the vegetation period is between 12 and 18 °C. The annual rainfall here is between 751 mm and 1428 mm, and the sum of rainfall in the vegetation period is between 373 and 711 mm. The areas higher than 700 m do have a mountainous climate with short and fresh summers and long, cold and very snowy winters. The average year temperature in this area is between 1 and 8 °C, and the average temperature in the vegetation period is between 6 and 13 °C. The annual rainfall in this area is between 924 and 1500 mm, and the sum of rainfall in the vegetation period is between 454 and 600 mm. The southern part of the country has an Adriatic-Mediterranean climate with warm summers and short, mild and rainy winters. The average annual temperature in this part is between 6 and 15 °C, and the average temperature in the vegetation period is between 12 and 21 °C. The annual rainfall in the southern part is between 1112 and 1904 mm, and the sum of rainfall in the vegetation period is between 365 and 658 mm. About 50% of the total area has more than 240 days with temperatures above 10 °C.

Geography
Bosnia and Herzegovina is extending from 42°30' to 45°20' latitude and its total area amounts to 5,112,900 ha. Bosnia, the northern part, is a mountainous land covered with large forests. Herzegovina, the southern part, is composed largely of rocky hills and flat farm land.

According to altitude, four regions can be marked out: a flat region (to 300 m altitude), 2.5% of the total area; a hilly region (300-700 m altitude), 27% of total area; a mountain region (above 700 m altitude), 62% of total area and a Mediterranean region (below 700 m altitude), 8.4% of the total area.

Horticulture
The following aspects of horticulture can be found in Bosnia and Herzegovina: arboriculture, fruit growing, viticulture, vegetable production under glass and in the open, flower culture, mushroom production, nursery production, and production of medicinal and aromatic plants.
Cultures under glass (vegetables and flowers) and viticulture are concentrated in Herzegovina; arboriculture is concentrated in Bosnia. Fruit growing is practised in all regions, but in the northern part mainly apple, pear, wall nut and plum and in the southern part cherry, peach, plum, apricot, strawberry, fig, kiwi, and pomegranate.

Distribution of Horticulture
Cultures under glass (vegetables and flowers) and viticulture are concentrated in Herzegovina; arboriculture is concentrated in Bosnia. Fruit growing is practised in all regions, but in the northern part mainly apple, pear, wall nut and plum and in the southern part cherry, peach, plum, apricot, strawberry, fig, kiwi, and pomegranate.

Research Thrusts
The research thrusts are the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management (Institutes) and the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science and Culture (Faculty of Agriculture at the Universities).

Organisations / Institutes:
University of Sarajevo
University of Mostar, Faculty of Agriculture
University of Banjaluka
Agricultural Institute, Banjaluka
Center for Advancement of Agriculture, Sokolac
Agricultural Center Doboj
UPI - Institute of Agriculture, Sarajevo


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