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International Society for Horticultural Science

Horticulture Research International

Cyprus

General info
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Climate
Cyprus has an intense Mediterranean climate; hot dry summers from mid-May to mid-September and rainy rather changeable winters from November to mid-March separated by short autumn and spring seasons. The average annual precipitation over Cyprus as a whole is about 500 mm and ranges between 300 mm in the central plain and 1100 mm on Troodos mountains. Most of the precipitation occurs in the period from November to March. In July-August the average maximum temperature reaches 36 °C in the central plains and 27 °C on Troodos. In January the average minimum temperature drops to 5 °C in the plains and 0 °C on Troodos. Winds are generally light to moderate and variable in direction.

Geography
Cyprus is situated at the north-eastern end of the East Mediterranean basin at latitude 34°33'-35°34' north and longitude 32°16'-34°37' east, with an area of 9.251 km2. It is characterised by a variety of landscapes. The island is dominated by the Troodos range, a large mountain massif in the centre of the island, which rises to an altitude of 1952 m above sea level. Along the northern coast of the country runs the Pentadactylos range rising to an altitude of just over 1000 m. Between the two ranges lies the fertile plain of Messaoria to the east and the still more fertile irrigated basin of Morphou to the west, which together with the narrow alluvial plains along the coast, provide the bulk of the agricultural land of the country.

Horticulture
The diversity of topography and climate gives a wide range of microclimatic conditions permitting diversified crop production such as citrus, deciduous crops, tropical and subtropical crops, vegetables, potatoes, wine and table grapes and flowers.
The morphological diversity of the country and the varying climatic conditions allow for the production of tropical and subtropical fruits in the coastal zone and temperate fruits in the fertile mountain valleys. Potato production is concentrated in the fertile region of Kokkinochoria in the south eastern region of the country. Citrus are thriving along the coastal belt and in some inland pockets. Viticulture is very important in the hilly areas on the southern and western slopes of the Troodos mountain. Vegetables, flowers, and olive trees are widely distributed all over the island.

Distribution of Horticulture
The morphological diversity of the country and the varying climatic conditions allow for the production of tropical and subtropical fruits in the coastal zone and temperate fruits in the fertile mountain valleys. Potato production is concentrated in the fertile region of Kokkinochoria in the south eastern region of the country. Citrus are thriving along the coastal belt and in some inland pockets. Viticulture is very important in the hilly areas on the southern and western slopes of the Troodos mountain. Vegetables, flowers, and olive trees are widely distributed all over the island.

Research Thrusts
The Agricultural Research Institute (ARI) is a Department of the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment. It is a sole institution engaged in agricultural research and depends almost exclusively on Government funding.

Nature of Institutes
ARI carries out mainly applied research in all fields of agriculture. Horticultural research comprises an important part of the institute's program due to the significance of horticultural crops, mainly: i.e. citrus, olives, vegetables, potatoes, ornamentals, grapes and vine products, for the overall economy of Cyprus.

Organisations / Institutes:
Agricultural Research Institute


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