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International Society for Horticultural Science

Horticulture Research International

Egypt

General info
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Climate
Egypt surface is effected with the contrary wind from the Mediterranean sea in Winter, and the northern wind coming from Europe in Summer, the yearly average temperature is 25°C and the precipitation is ranges from 200-250 mm in the north coast and decrease in the south direction. So, Egypt enjoys a climate that is hot-dry in summer and rainy-warmly in winter.

Geography
Egypt is located in the eastern north corner of Africa (latitude 22-31.5 °N, longitude 25-37 °E). The country is a part of the Great Desert but passing the River Nile through makes it a fertility land. The main slope is from South to North. Egypt can be divided into 4 parts:
1- Delta and El-Wadi,
2- Eastern desert,
3- Western desert,
4- Sinai.

Horticulture
All aspects of horticulture can be found in Egypt: arboriculture, fruit growing, ornamental and vegetable production under plastic and in the open, mushrooms and flowers bulb culture.
Horticulture crops grown under greenhouses (vegetable crops, ornamentals) are concentrated in the delta region and in the southern part of delta, strawberry growing is concentrated on the sandy soils in Sinai and Ismailia and on the clay soils in Kalyobia. Mushroom growing is concentrated in Delta. Fruit, mainly pear and apple are grown in dessert road and Sinai, Grape in upper Egypt, Mango in Delta and upper Egypt and Cantaloupe in Sinai and east Delta. Arboriculture is practised in Delta and upper Egypt, vegetable growing in the majority of whole region.

Distribution of Horticulture
Horticulture crops grown under greenhouses (vegetable crops, ornamentals) are concentrated in the delta region and in the southern part of delta, strawberry growing is concentrated on the sandy soils in Sinai and Ismailia and on the clay soils in Kalyobia. Mushroom growing is concentrated in Delta. Fruit, mainly pear and apple are grown in dessert road and Sinai, Grape in upper Egypt, Mango in Delta and upper Egypt and Cantaloupe in Sinai and east Delta. Arboriculture is practised in Delta and upper Egypt, vegetable growing in the majority of whole region.

Research Thrusts
The research thrust are the Agricultural Research Center (ARC) under the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, the National Research Center (NRC), the Desert Research Center (DRC), and the University Faculties of Agriculture under the Ministry of Education. Several private enterprises have scientific programs on horticultural research.

Nature of Institutes
Horticultural research is directed to sustainable growing systems and is primarily conducted by two groups of institutions:
1. Research institutes and research stations under the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation;
2. the National Research Center (NRC), the Desert Research Center (DRC) and the University Faculties of Agriculture.

Organisations / Institutes:
Supreme Counsel
Agricultural Research Center (ARC)
National Research Center (NRC)
Desert Research Center (DNRC)


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