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International Society for Horticultural Science

Horticulture Research International

Fiji Islands

Climate
The prevailing wind is from South East. The yearly average maximum temperature is 29.3 °C and minimum of 19.8 °C. Fiji Islands annual average rainfall ranges from 1600 mm to 3000 mm. Having a tropical climate, Fiji is classified into two main seasons. The wet season starts from November to April and dry season from May to October.

Geography
The Fiji Islands lies in the heart of the Pacific Ocean midway between the Equator and the South Pole, and between longitudes 175° east and 178° west and latitudes 15° and 22° south. It is made up of 333 islands of which about one third are inhabited. The main Island (Viti Levu) has a total land area of 10,429 km2. Only 16% of Fiji's land mass is suitable for agriculture and are found mainly along coastal plains, river deltas and valleys.

Horticulture
All aspects of horticulture can be found in the Fiji Islands: vegetable growing in open fields, vegetable growing in hydroponics, tropical fruit growing and flower growing.

Distribution of Horticulture
Vegetable production in open fields is practiced throughout the country, whereas production under hydroponics is mostly concentrated in west. Fruit growing is mainly practiced in the northern and western part of the country. Flower growing is concentrated in the central and western part of the main island.

Research Thrusts
The major research thrust is the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forests (MAFF). Fiji Sugarcane Research Centre only concentrates on sugarcane research.

Nature of Institutes
Research stations under the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forests (MAFF), Fiji Sugarcane Research Centre and University of the South Pacific.
Sigatoka Research Station under MAFF is the centre for horticultural research in the country.

Organisations / Institutes:
Research Division of MAFF


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