ISHS


HRIDIR Home

FAQ

Search
 
International Society for Horticultural Science

Horticulture Research International

Greece

General info
For questions and/or remarks regarding the content of these pages, feel free to contact the respective ISHS Council representatives who not only represent their country on ISHS Council but who are also invited to maintain the information included in the ISHS HRI Directory pages. For details on how to update your own details we refer to the FAQ pages on this site.

Climate
The climate of Greece is a typical Mediterranean climate with rainy cold winters and dry warm summers. There are four distinct seasons (winter, spring, autumn, summer). It has large local variations, depending on the latitude (south/north), elevation (low/high), proximity to sea etc. The mean annual climate factors vary in cultivated areas as follows: Rainfall 400-1400 mm. Air temperature 14,5-20 °C. Air moisture 65-75%. Sunshine 2300-3100 hrs.

Geography
The total area is 131.957 km2 but only 30% is cultivated. It is a rather mountainous country, with smaller percentage in plains, including the mainland and 2000 islands. The total seashore length is 15000 km and there is no place in a longer distance from the sea than 137 km.

Horticulture
The area covered by horticultural crops is 31% of the total area covered by plant crops, but the gross value of the horticultural crops is 55% of the plant crop production and 39% of the total agricultural production. The main horticultural crops are: Olive trees (for olive-oil and table olives), vineyards (for table grapes, wine and raisins: sultana or black Corinth), citrus, almond, peach, apricot, apple, pear and fig trees, vegetables, flowers (cut and pot plants) and ornamental plants. Area of horticultural crops (in thousand ha): Total 1.227,4 (irrigated 371,2), fruits 962,2, grapes 135,6, vegetables 128,8 (in GH 4,9), flowers and ornamental plants 0,6 (in GH 0,2). Total value of horticultural products (in thousand EUR) 1.193,455
The olive tree orchards are localized mainly along the coastal zone and up to a maximum elevation of 600 m, the vineyards are localized in areas with a maximum elevation of up to 1.000 m and both are usually not irrigated crops. Other important horticultural crops producing irrigated areas are: For citrus Peloponnesus (Lakonia, Argolis and the Northern Peloponnesian zone). Crete (Heraclion, Chanea) and Arta, for peaches western and central Macedonia. For apples and pears Magnesia and western Macedonia. For apricots Argolis and the Northern Peloponnesian zone. For vegetables different plains or valleys and for flowers Attica, Troezinia, Crete etc.

Distribution of Horticulture
The olive tree orchards are localized mainly along the coastal zone and up to a maximum elevation of 600 m, the vineyards are localized in areas with a maximum elevation of up to 1.000 m and both are usually not irrigated crops. Other important horticultural crops producing irrigated areas are: For citrus Peloponnesus (Lakonia, Argolis and the Northern Peloponnesian zone). Crete (Heraclion, Chanea) and Arta, for peaches western and central Macedonia. For apples and pears Magnesia and western Macedonia. For apricots Argolis and the Northern Peloponnesian zone. For vegetables different plains or valleys and for flowers Attica, Troezinia, Crete etc.

Research Thrusts
Horticultural Research in Greece is mainly propelled by the Ministry of Agriculture, the National Agricultural Research Foundation (N.AG.RE.F.), the Benaki Phytopathological Institute and certain Universitites and other private and public entities. The N.AG.RE.F. consitutes the national body of agricultural research and technology in Greece and functions as a private entity of the wider public sector, supervised by the Ministry of Agriculture. The foundation, established in 1989 under the Acts 1845/1989 and 2040/1992, is not only in charge of undertaking agricultural research for the development of technology and knowhow, but it is also responsible to forward recommendations to the Ministry of Agriculture regarding solutions to various agricultural problems. It is directed by an eleven-member Administrative Council, whereas the scientific and research planning is determined by a seven-member Scientific Council.

Nature of Institutes
Horticultural research is mainly done by:
- National Agricultural Research Foundation (N.AG.RE.F.), established in 1989 under the supervision of the Ministry of Agriculture. Its headquarters are near Athens (Aegialias and Halepa Str. 19, 15125 Amarousion). It will have a new structure soon, according to the Ministerial Decision as of Dec. 10, 1999, developing 13 Regional Institutions of Agricultural Research (instead of the previously existing 5) to fit the corresponding 13 administrative districts of the country and will include 21 National Institutes of Agricultural Research spread in the 13 regions.

- Universities (having horticultural laboratories and/or farms) under the Ministry of Education (Athens, Thessaloniki etc).
- A number of isolated Institutions, Institutes or Stations controlled or supported by governmental agencies (Benaki Phytopathological Institute, Democritos Nuclear Research Centre)

Organisations / Institutes:
National Agricultural Research Foundation (NAGREF)
Agricultural University of Athens
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - School of Agriculture
Benaki Phytopathological Institute
University of Crete
National Centre of Scientific Research "Demokritos"
Botanical Garden of Diomedes


Update data

URL www.hridir.org