|International Society for Horticultural Science|
Horticulture Research International
Kenya enjoys both tropical and temperate climatic condition. The climate is highly varied supporting the growth of a wide range of horticultural crops. The annual rainfall across the country ranges from 300 mm in the lowland to 2000 mm in the highlands. Similar temperature range from 3 ºC in the highlands to 32 ºC at the coast. Areas of north, north east and parts of eastern Kenya are semi-arid to arid lands. These areas are particular dry and receive rainfall of less than 200 mm per year.
The Republic of Kenya is located in Eastern Africa on the Indian Ocean between latitudes of 40 ºN and 4 ºS and longitudes 34-42 ºE with a total land area of 600,000 km².
In Kenya, horticulture is one of the fastest expanding sub-sector of Kenya's agriculture. In terms of foreign exchange earned from exports it is ranked third after tourism and tea. Fruits, vegetable and flowers production are the main aspects of horticulture. Horticulture plays a very important role in small farm development.
Distribution of Horticulture
In the coastal areas cultures of mango, citrus, cashew, bananas, hot pepper, brinjals, water/sweet melons; in the middle altitude to the semi-arid zones we have the bananas, mango, avocado, pineapple, grapes, passionfrui, pawpaw, citrus flowers onion, garlic, tomato, kale, cucumbers, pepper, okra, karella, dudhi, french beans; and in the high altitude we have avocado, pears, apples, plums, carrots, cabbages, peas, potato and flowers.
Research is under the Ministry of Agriculture which is the main funding agency.
Nature of Institutes
The Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) is body responsible for research both in crops and livestock and has a set of both National and Regional Centres located in the main agro-ecological zones of Kenya. Currently research focuses on all the commodities with special emphasis on the export crops.
To strengthen the national capacity in carrying out planned programs of research effectively, KARI has established linkages with institutions under the Consultative Groups of International Agricultural Research Centres (CGIARCs). It also collaborates with international institutions such as International Centre of Insect Ogysiology and Ecology (ICIPE), and International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF).
Organisations / Institutes:
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI)