|International Society for Horticultural Science|
Horticulture Research International
The year average temperature is 4.1 °C (Easter part) till 6.5 °C (Western part) and the yearly average precipitation ranges 500-750 mm. Sum of positive temperature over +5 °C is 2080-2480 °C. Frequently the temperature in winter falls below -30 °C and fruit trees can be damaged. The prevailing wind is from the West.
Latvia is located on the eastern coast of the Baltic sea. There are different soils: from light sandy till heavy clay in all parts of country.
The main aspects of horticulture in Latvia are vegetable and fruit growing, flower culture and arboriculture.
Distribution of Horticulture
Vegetable growing is practised in all regions, but mostly concentrated near the capital Riga. Fruits, mainly apple, plum, strawberry and black currants are grown everywhere, especially in western parts.
The major research projects in horticulture are financed by the Latvian Society of Science and the Ministry of Agriculture.
Nature of Institutes
Horticultural research is focused to preserve in genetic resources, and to breeding and development of intensive systems of fruit and vegetable growing and is conducted by 3 groups of institutions:
1 National Botanical Garden of Latvian Academy of Sciences,
3 Research stations under the Ministry of Agriculture.
Organisations / Institutes:
University of Latvia
Latvian University of Agriculture
National Botanical Garden
Dobele Horticultural Plant Breeding Experimental Station
Pure State Horticultural Research Station