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International Society for Horticultural Science

Horticulture Research International

Mozambique

Climate
The climate varies: In the northwest and central west it is (moderately) cool (<20 °C) and tropical wet, in the other zones it is (moderately) warm (>20 °C). In some of these other zones it is rather dry (southwest and central east), in some others tropical wet (northeast and southeast).
The average temperature is 20-25 °C, the minimum being 10 °C and the maximum 35 °C.

Geography
The Republic of Mozambique is located in southern Africa on the Indian Ocean, between latitude 10°27` north and 26°52` south and longitude 40°51` east and 30°31` west. The maximum altitude is 4572 meters.

Horticulture
Fruit and vegetable growing are the main aspects of horticulture in the Republic of Mozambique.

Distribution of Horticulture
In the coastal areas cultures of cashew, mango, citrus, guava, pumpkin, garlic and hot pepper can be found. In the altitude zones litchi, grape, citrus, pineapple, avocado, banana, potato, onion, garlic, pepper, cucumber, pumpkin, watermelon, cabbage and pepper are grown. In the other regions are grown: mango, citrus, avocado, guava, banana, tomato, cabbage, pumpkin, cucumber, okra, carrot, garlic, hot pepper and pepper.

Research Thrusts
Funding is mainly by the Ministry of Agriculture.

Nature of Institutes
The National Institute for Agronomic Research (INIA) is the leading institution in agronomic research which has a set of research stations and agronomic posts located in the main agro-ecological zones throughout the country.
Current research of fruit trees is only conducted on cashew due to its highest importance as an export product for the Republic of Mozambique. The research on vegetable growing restarted in 1999 in four research stations around the country.

Organisations / Institutes:
National Institute for Agronomic Research (INIA)


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