ISHS


HRIDIR Home

FAQ

Search
 
International Society for Horticultural Science

Horticulture Research International

Romania

General info
For questions and/or remarks regarding the content of these pages, feel free to contact the respective ISHS Council representatives who not only represent their country on ISHS Council but who are also invited to maintain the information included in the ISHS HRI Directory pages. For details on how to update your own details we refer to the FAQ pages on this site.

Climate
Romanian's climate is temperate-continental of transition, with ocean influence from the west, Mediterranean ones from south-west and continental-excessive ones from the north-east. Average yearly temperature is latitudinaly different, 8 °C in the north and 11 °C in the south and altitudinaly with values of 2.6 °C in the mountain areas and 11.7 °C in the plain. Lowest monthly temperature is under -3 °C in winter ant the highest over 44.5 °C in summer. Yearly precipitations decrease in intensity from west to east, from 600 mm to 500 mm in the Romanian Plain and under 400 mm in Dobrogea and in the mountain areas precipitation reaches 1000-1400 mm.

Geography
All aspects of horticulture can be found in Rumania: vegetable production in the open and under glass/plastic, fruit growing, viticulture, arboriculture, flower culture in the open and protected ground.

Horticulture
Romania is situated in the south eastern of part of Central Europe on the Danube lower course and hat exit to the Black See. Romanian territory is developing on 43°37' latitude being placed at the crossing of the parallel 45° with the meridian 25° E. Romania's relief is represented by three major summits, the highest of the Carpathians (31%), the middle which corresponds to the Sub-Carpathians, to the hills and to the plateaus (36%) and the lowest of the plains, meadows and Danube Delta (33%).

Vegetable cultures in open field are concentrated in S, SE, SW of Romania. The fruit growing and viticulture are concentrated especially in the hill regions. The flower and arboriculture are concentrated around towns.

Distribution of Horticulture
Vegetable cultures in open field are concentrated in S, SE, SW of Romania. The fruit growing and viticulture are concentrated especially in the hill regions. The flower and arboriculture are concentrated around towns.

Research Thrusts
The major research thrust is the Ministry of National Education and its National Agency of Research, and the Universities. The Academy for Agricultural and Forestry Sciences does have directly coordination responsibilities.

Nature of Institutes
Horticultural research is directed to sustainable culture trough contract system and is conducted directly by two categories of institutions:
A. The Academy for Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Research Institutes and Research Stations under the National Agency from the Ministry of National Education;
B. Departments of State and Private University's for Agriculture (Bucuresti, Iasi, Craiova, Timisoara, Cluj)

Organisations / Institutes:
Romanian Horticulture Society
Academy for Agricultural and Forestry Sciences
Academy for Agricultural and Forestry Sciences and Romanian Horticulture Society
Agricultural and Veterinarian Medicine Sciences University, Bucharest
University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca
University of Craiova
University of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine, Iasi
Banat's University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timisoara


Update data

URL www.hridir.org