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International Society for Horticultural Science

Horticulture Research International

Spain

General info
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Click here to open the website of the Spanish Society for Horticultural Science.

Climate
Four climatic zones predominate in mainland Spain. The northern coast have an Atlantic climate with average temperature of 9(C in winter and 18(C in summer and annual rainfall of 965 mm. The central plateau has a continental climate with average temperature of 4(C in winter and 24(C in summer and annual rainfall of less than 380 mm. The eastern and southern coast and most of the Guadalquivir Valley, in the South, have a Mediterranean climate with average temperature of 11(C in winter and 23 (C in summer and annual rainfall ranging between 250 mm and 600 mm. Zones having an elevation above 2750 m have a mountain climate of scarce interest of horticultural crops. Finally, the Canary Island and some small areas in southern Mediterranean coast, have a subtropical climate with average winter temperature above 14 (C and average summer temperature of around 22(C and very low annual rainfall (around 300 mm).

Geography
Spain, located in the south-western part of Europe, has a total area of 504,750 km2. About 40% of this area is cultivated; of which above 3 millions of ha are irrigated.

Horticulture
The value of the horticultural production represents about 50% of the total agricultural production (TAP). Vegetables (50%), non citrus fruit (20%), citrus fruit (12%), nuts (5%) potatoes (10%) and ornamentals account for the horticultural product. Besides that, olive (6% of the TAP) and wine (6,5% of the TAP) complete the whole horticultural products in a broad sense. The horticultural surface reach 5,3 millions ha out of 16,5 millions ha cultivated in the country, of which 3,5 millions ha belongs to olive and grape, the most extensive horticultural crops.

Horticultural crops are mostly located in the zones with Mediterranean and subtropical climate, although some vegetables and temperate fruits are also cultivated in continental and Atlantic zones.

Distribution of Horticulture
Horticultural crops are mostly located in the zones with Mediterranean and subtropical climate, although some vegetables and temperate fruits are also cultivated in continental and Atlantic zones.

Research Thrusts
The main research thrust is the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPA).

Nature of Institutes
Three institutions are involved in agricultural research. The INIA that belongs to the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPA) coordinates the research carried out by the agricultural research institutions of the Autonomous Communities (CC.AA.). The Spanish Council for Scientific Research ((Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas - CSIC) is a national agency that holds 11 institutes concerned with agricultural research. More than 10 universities all over the country, which number is still growing, are involved in agricultural research and education, including agricultural engineering and doctorate degrees. Since 1988 a National Program of Agricultural Research is co-ordinated by the Interministeral Committee for Science and Technology (CICYT).

Organisations / Institutes:
Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC)
Institute of Agro-Food Research and Technology (IRTA)
Institute of Agro-Food Research and Technology (IRTA) and University of Lleida
Regional Government of Andalucia
Regional Government of Aragon
Agricultural Research Institute of Canarias (ICIA)
University of Cordoba
University of Granada
University of Lleida-Etsea
Technical University of Madrid
Technical University of Agriculture - University of Sevilla
Technical University of Valencia
Agrarian Research Service-SIA
Agro-Food Research and Development Center - Murcia
Agricultural Research Institute of Valencia (IVIA)
Mediterranean Agricultural Institute - CIHEAM


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Last updated: Fri Apr 2 15:43:04 DFT 2004