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International Society for Horticultural Science

Horticulture Research International

Taiwan

General info
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Climate
Taiwan has a subtropical oceanic climate. The weather is warm and mild all year round. The yearly average temperature is 21.7-25.5 °C. The yearly average precipitation ranges form 1,700-3,200 mm. The yearly average hours of daylight is 1,163-2,008 hrs for northern Taiwan to southern. The island receives occasional snowfall on higher mountains in the winter. There are also frequently typhoons in the summer and autumn, but they do not have a long-term impact on this island. Most area of Taiwan is well suit to horticulture for most of the year.

Geography
Taiwan is located 200 km away form the southeast China mainland. It is on the border of the east Pacific Ocean and in the west of the Taiwan Strait. Taiwan's land area is about 36,000 km2, as two thirds of this consists of mountains or slope land. It possesses thickly forest mountains, deep valleys, rapid rivers. Agriculture takes place mainly in the remaining 29% that is plains.

Horticulture
The area of cultivated land is 866,000 hectare. All aspects of horticulture can be found in Taiwan: arboriculture, fruit growing, flower culture, vegetable production, seedling production and mushroom production.

Taiwan grows more than 90 types of vegetables, the most important of which are bamboo shoots, cabbages, soybeans, tomatoes, cucumber, Chinese cabbages, watermelon and cantaloupe. Vegetable growing is practiced in all regions. There are many kinds of fruit from tropical to deciduous growing in this area, thus citrus fruits, banana, mango, grape, pear, wax apple, papaya, pineapple, peach, litchi. Subtropical fruit is grown in the midland to the south of Taiwan. Deciduous fruit is growing on the slope and mountainous land. There are important kinds of cut flower cultures as chrysanthemum, rose, lily, gladiolus, orchid, etc. Cut flower culture is concentrated in the midland. The same holds for the Mushroom production.

Distribution of Horticulture
Taiwan grows more than 90 types of vegetables, the most important of which are bamboo shoots, cabbages, soybeans, tomatoes, cucumber, Chinese cabbages, watermelon and cantaloupe. Vegetable growing is practiced in all regions. There are many kinds of fruit from tropical to deciduous growing in this area, thus citrus fruits, banana, mango, grape, pear, wax apple, papaya, pineapple, peach, litchi. Subtropical fruit is grown in the midland to the south of Taiwan. Deciduous fruit is growing on the slope and mountainous land. There are important kinds of cut flower cultures as chrysanthemum, rose, lily, gladiolus, orchid, etc. Cut flower culture is concentrated in the midland. The same holds for the Mushroom production.

Research Thrusts
The major research thrust is the Council of Agriculture, a Cabinet agency. Several institutes supported by enterprises of foundations have scientific programs on horticultural research.

Nature of Institutes
Horticultural research is conducted by two groups of institutions:
1. Research institutes and research stations under the Council of Agriculture;
2. Departments of Horticulture in universities.
Besides, a few institutes of private foundations do have their own horticultural research activities.

Organisations / Institutes:
National Taiwan University
Chinese Culture University
National I-Lan Institute of Technology
National Chung-Hsing University
National Chiayi University
National Pingtung University of Science and Technology
Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
Taiwan Seed Improvement and Propagation Station
Taoyuan District Agricultural Improvement Station
Miaoli District Agricultural Improvement Station
Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station
Tainan District Agricultural Improvement Station
Koahsiung District Agricultural Improvement Station
Hualien District Agricultural Improvement Station
Taiwan Banana Research Institute
Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center


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