One of the most important horticultural states, is characterized by a particularly wide diversification of agricultural and horticultural crops and likewise is an outstanding leader industrially. Horticultural produce represents from 10 to 15 percent of the farmers gross income, in terms of processed products, the value involves a much higher percentage of total agricultural income. The most important environmental factors responsible for this pronounced horticultural diversification are: 1. wide range of, not extreme, temperatures from south to north, 2. considerable diversity of soil, and 3. generally favorable moisture (rainfall) conditions. From an economic viewpoint, the strategic geographical location and large population are very important. Ohio has a very large number of cities with a population over 25,000 well distributed over the whole state except the southeast.
Over 30 vegetable crops are grown commercially of which tomatoes, potatoes, sweet corn, cabbage, celery, onions, peppers, cucumbers and radish are of greatest importance. Ohio's annual apple crop is in excess of 3 million bushels. It also produces significant crops of strawberries and grapes and is an important wine producing state.
Florist crops such as roses and chrysanthemum are widely grown in greenhouses throughout the state. Potplants, likewise, comprise a significant part of the florist industry. The largest nursery area in the USA is centred in northeastern Ohio. A wide range of herbaceous and woody ornamentals form the basis for this area of horticulture. Furthermore, nurseries producing specialized crops, such as rhododendrons and yews comprise an outstanding segment of the industry.
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Last updated: Fri Dec 19 20:33:04 NFT 2003